Xiaofei Dong, Altera Corporation
2/7/2011 4:28 PM EST
Current and future generations of wireless cellular systems feature heavy use of Remote Radio Heads (RRHs) in the base stations. Instead of hosting a bulky base station controller close to the top of antenna towers, new wireless networks connect the base station controller and remote radio heads through lossless optical fibers. The interface protocol that enables such a distributed architecture is called Common Publish Radio Interface (CPRI). With this new architecture, RRHs offload intermediate frequency (IF) and radio frequency (RF) processing from the base station. Furthermore, the base station and RF antennas can be physically separated by a considerable distance, providing much needed system deployment flexibility.
Typical advanced processing algorithms on RRHs include digital up-conversion and digital down-conversion (DUC and DDC), crest factor reduction (CFR), and digital pre-distortion (DPD). DUC interpolates base band data to a much higher sample rate via a cascade of interpolation filters. It further mixes the complex data channels with IF carrier signals so that RF modulation can be simplified.
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