Yoni Kahana, NanoLock
embedded.com (October 16, 2018)
With more than 152 million vehicles connnected to the Internet by 2020, it’s no surprise that engine control units (ECUs) are easy targets for attackers and other adversaries. This is supported by published reports on recent attacks on Volkswagen/Audi, BMW, and Tesla vehicles. And as cars become more connected, this trend will continue to grow.
There are a number entry points, such as Wi-Fi, Telematics, Bluetooth that hackers can gain access to vulnerable ECUs. In April 2018, Computest reported vulnerabilities in Audi vehicles that enabled hackers to gain access via Wi-Fi to the in-vehicle network (IVN), gain root privilege, execute rough firmware updates and manipulate the gateway. In May 2018, Keen Labs published its research on BMW and demonstrated how they could penetrate the system via the telematics unit and change the gateway policy (among others) in order to gain control of the IVN. They also found code signing vulnerabilities that could be exploited to update the image to a rough image. And in 2016 and 2017, Keen Labs published their research on vulnerabilities in Tesla vehicles, where in both cases the team attacked the Wi-Fi. This allowed them to manipulate and modify the software or bypass the code signing verification. While this is not an exhaustive list, it demonstrates how many attack vectors are able to gain control over the ECUs and eventually take over commands in the vehicle.
Click here to read more ...